Malaria and Health – Dr Maureen Ona-Igbru

Today April 25th 2016 is World Malaria Day. Like all 25th April every year, a theme is chosen for the day. This years theme is “END MALARIA FOR GOOD”. In pursuance of this, we at feel there is no better write-up aporpriate for today other than a post on malarial awareness. Hence we bring you this article by Dr Maureen Ona-Igbru. Please read, enjoy, and be enlightened.


Malaria is a serious tropical disease spread by mosquitoes. A single mosquito bite is all it takes for someone to become infected. If it isn’t diagnosed and treated promptly, it can be fatal. Because the malaria parasite is found in red blood cells of an infected person, malaria can also be transmitted through blood transfusion, organ transplant, or the shared use of needles or syringes contaminated with blood. Malaria may also be transmitted from a mother to her unborn infant before or during delivery (“congenital” malaria).


Protect yourself against malaria, especially if you are pregnant or trying to conceive either naturally or with fertility. Malaria can increase the risk of miscarriage in early pregnancy. Malaria is the number one cause of miscarriages among pregnant women and poses great danger to the mother and her unborn baby. Malaria is more dangerous to women when they are pregnant because the parasites cause a pregnant woman to become weak and anaemic. Anaemia is dangerous to women during pregnancy and at childbirth because they often lose more blood. Anaemia during pregnancy can lead to death during delivery if the mother suffers from complications that cause a lot of bleeding.
The effects of malaria are usually more severe in pregnant women, babies, young children and the elderly.
The destruction of red blood cells by the malaria parasite can cause severe anaemia.Anaemia is a condition where the red blood cells are unable to carry enough oxygen to the body’s muscles and organs, leaving you feeling drowsy, weak and faint.

Malaria is the most common cause for jaundice in a malarious area. In most patients, the bilirubin and enzyme levels return to normal within days of antimalarial treatment. No other specific treatment is needed.
Hypoglycemia (deficiency of glucose in the bloodstream) is one of the tricky complications of falciparum malaria and may often go unnoticed. Hypoglycemia in malaria may be asymptomatic. On the other, many of the clinical manifestations of hypoglycemia are caused by malaria itself or by some of its other complications.
Acute renal failure is a common complication in malaria infection.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is sudden damage to the kidneys that causes them to stop working properly. If it’s not picked up in time, the kidneys become overwhelmed and shut down, leading to irreversible injury, which can be fatal. Abnormal levels of salts and chemicals build up in the body, stopping other organs working properly.
It’s very important that you take precautions to prevent the disease. The key to this is to protect yourself against being bitten by mosquitoes.


If malaria is diagnosed and treated promptly, a full recovery can be expected. Treatment should be started as soon as a blood test confirms malaria.
Some people will say, go to the chemist and take anti malaria tablet, malaria is nothing. I will tell now that Malaria is dangerous.
People have died of malaria complications due to lack of awareness.

The above write up is published on our site courtesy of Dr. Maureen Ona-Igbru.

Dr Maureen is a medical doctor with many years in practice and has an undying passion for dissemination of health knowledge to the public. One striking feature that cuts across all her articles is the ability to present a complex medical condition in an easy to understand manner for the readers.

N.B. The above is to sensitize readers on the dangers of malaria and to raise the awareness of the disease and also show the connection between malaria fever and Anopheles mosquitoes. It is by no means an exhaustive discuss and we urge readers to read more on malaria and preventions of the disease.

The eradication of malaria still largely lies on prevention and the break in transmission. A break in the life cycle of the mosquitoes by good environmental control will go a long way in malaria eradication.

N.B. 2. The illustrations that appear on this articles are added by the site admin.

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